The effects of different fertilizers on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of wheat and physiochemical properties of soil

Amjadian, E. (2015) The effects of different fertilizers on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of wheat and physiochemical properties of soil. Masters thesis, University of Zabol.

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Proper nutrition plant is one of the basic principles of achieving sustainable agriculture and the identification of the fertilizers compatible with nature and suitable for the plant that can have beneficial effects on quantitative and qualitative plants. In order to evaluate the effect of fertilizers on quantitative and qualitative characteristics of wheat, and physical and chemical properties of soil, the trial randomized complete block design, with 3 replications during the year 1392, The Institute of Zabol University, located in Zahak city (Chah Nimeh), was carried out. The treatments were controlling (no fertilizer), manure, vermicomposting fertilizer, chemical fertilizer NPK, vermicomposting fertilizer with nitrox in fertilizer, manure with nitrox in fertilizer, manure with chemical fertilizer NPK, respectively. Results showed that Different systems of feeding significantly increased grain yield, harvest index, biological yield and quality traits is growing at 1%. Treatment of chemical fertilizers increased 16-20 percent Plant height, integrated crop 11-60 percent weight increase seed, and manure increased soil moisture in two stages of 89 and 61/34 is sent to the control. Chemical fertilizers and manure retain more water. With increasing soil porosity, soil bulk density decreased because of the greater humidity. Comparing the average yield nutritional treatments suggests that integrated systems of organic manure and chemical fertilizers and chemical systems have been more individually the combined application of organic and chemical fertilizers, the production yield, reduced use of chemical fertilizers. Chemical fertilizers with manure, rather than chemical fertilizers, have been a net increase in harvest index and this increase may be the result of increased grain yield per unit area, the increase in yield and number of grains per spike can be attributed square meters, “an important component of their performance”. Biological fertilizer treatments compared to no fertilizers, phosphorus and potassium; and other micronutrients has increased. Due to the large amount of nitrogen, fertilizers use and has been compared to other treatments increased plant nitrogen. Manure, compared to other treatments, increase micro and potassium soil nutrients and make them more available to the plants. Therefore, to improve the nutrition of the plant through optimal use of fertilizers, micronutrient fertilizers, bioorganic farm increase the quality and quantity of agricultural productions and the nutritional status of the population and make up for the lack of balance due to the improved functioning of the body and the need to supplement the reduced

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Uncontrolled Keywords: wheat, fertilizer, quality, quantity, chemical and physical properties of soil
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
Depositing User: admin admin1 admin2
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2016 07:24
Last Modified: 05 Apr 2016 07:24

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