Study on species diversity and distribution of tick in Camel , Sheep and Goat in Nehbandan

Rezaei, A. Ali (2016) Study on species diversity and distribution of tick in Camel , Sheep and Goat in Nehbandan. Masters thesis, University of Zabol.

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Ixodidae family is one of the most great tick family of domestic animals that since 13 genius and 650 species in five subfamily of them has been reported. Ticks are the most important ectoparasites which cause heavy economic losses to livestock and transmit viral, rickettsia, bacterial and protozoal diseases. The goal of this research is assessment of ruminants’ contaminations development to difference tick family from quantitative aspect and also determination of found tick species diversity in Nehbandan location. A study of the ixodid ticks population of 69 camel, 181 sheep, and 279 goats in villages Nehbandan suburb, was carried out from summer 2015 to summer 2016. Ticks were collected from all parts of the body, each specimen was given field number and stored in a vial containing 70% ethyl-alcohol. The ixodid tick indices infected were 10.7, 9.2, and 6.8 for camel, sheep, and goats, respectively. The highest tick aggregation was found for the tail in camel (23/1%) and ears in sheep (38%) and goats (42/4%). There was significant difference between predilection body sites. Of collected hard ticks from infested animals. Of all examined animals, 79/24% camel, 24/9% sheep, and 17/2% goats were infested with a total numbers of 1329 unfed ticks. A total of 14 species belong to families of Ixodidae and Argasidae. The tick species which were collected during this course of study are as follows: A: Family Ixodidae, a number of three genera including Hyalomma (81/11%), Rhipicephalus (15/5%) and Haemaphysalis (2/6%) B: Family Argasidae, one genera, Ornithodoros (0/79%) with 5 specie species in camel, 9 specie in sheep, and 12 specie in goats were respectively identified. The predominant infesting ticks were Hyalomma Dromedarii species (52/1% in camel) and Rhipicephalus Sanguineus species (21/1% in sheep) and Rhipicephalus Turanicus species (24/7% in goats) which was significantly different. The results of current study showed that ixodid ticks infestation was wide and prevalent in ruminants of the region.

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Depositing User: admin admin1 admin2
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2016 06:32
Last Modified: 20 Dec 2016 06:32

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